Kassapa Bersaudara

Di tiga tempat sepanjang Sungai Neranjara, tinggal tiga orang Kassapa bersaudara yang menjadi pemimpin kaum Jatila yang memuja api. Yang tertua disebut Uruvela Kassapa, bertempat tinggal di sebelah hulu sungai dan mempunyai pengikut sebanyak lima ratus orang. Yang kedua disebut Nadi Kassapa, bertempat tinggal di sebelah hilir sungai dan mempunyai pengikut sebanyak tiga ratus orang. Yang ketiga disebut Gaya Kassapa, bertempat tinggal di tempat lebih hilir dari Nadi Kassapa dan mempunyai pengikut sebanyak dua ratus orang.

Uruvela_Kassapa_brothers_gayasisa1 Pada suatu hari, Sang Buddha tiba di Uruvela dan mengunjungi Uruvela Kassapa. Di tempat ini Sang Buddha harus memperlihatkan kekuatan gaib untuk menundukkan Uruvela Kassapa yang ternyata juga mahir dalam melakukan ilmu-ilmu gaib. Salah satu contoh dapat diceritakan sebagai berikut :

“Kalau Anda tidak keberatan, Kassapa, Aku ingin bermalam di pondokmu.”

“Tentu saja tidak, Gotama Yang Mulia, aku tidak keberatan Anda bermalam di pondokku. Tetapi Anda harus tahu bahwa seekor ular kobra yang besar dan ganas sekali menjaga api suci yang terdapat di pondokku. Tiap malam ular itu keluar dan aku khawatir Anda akan celaka.” jawab Uruvela Kassapa.

“Oh, tidak apa-apa. Kalau Anda tidak keberatan, Aku akan bermalam di pondokmu.”

“Kalau begitu baiklah. Selamat malam dan semoga Anda selamat.”

Sang Buddha juga mengucapkan selamat malam kepada Uruvela Kassapa dan masuk ke dalam pondok. Sang Buddha duduk bermeditasi dan menunggu munculnya ular kobra tersebut.

Waktu tengah malam, benar saja seekor ular kobra besar datang menghampiri Sang Buddha. Ular itu menyemburkan uap beracun dan mencoba menggigit Sang Buddha. Tetapi semburan uap beracun maupun usaha untuk menggigit Sang Buddha ternyata sia-sia saja. Sang Buddha tetap duduk bermeditasi dengan mengembangkan gaya-gaya Metta (cinta kasih) dan badan-Nya seolah-olah dikelilingi oleh semacam perisai yang tidak dapat ditembus.

Esok paginya, Uruvela Kassapa datang menjenguk Sang Buddha dan mengira akan menemukan mayat-Nya. Ia terkejut melihat Sang Buddha sedang duduk bermeditasi.

Uruvela Kassapa bertanya apakah Sang Buddha tidak diganggu oleh ular kobra. “Tidak, ular itu ada di sini.” jawab Sang Buddha dan membuka tutup mangkuk yang biasa dipakai untuk menerima dana makanan.

Keluarlah seekor ular kobra yang mendesis dengan ganas sehingga Uruvela Kassapa cepat-cepat ingin menyingkir. Tetapi Sang Buddha menahannya dan berkata bahwa Beliau mempunyai kemampuan untuk menjinakkan ular kobra.

Pada kesempatan lain sewaktu turun hujan lebat dan semua tempat di daerah itu digenangi air banjir, kembali Sang Buddha memperlihatkan kekuatan gaib-Nya. Di tempat Sang Buddha berdiri atau berjalan, air “membelah” membuka jalan, sehingga kaki dan tubuh Sang Buddha tidak basah kena air.

Akhirnya Uruvela Kassapa dapat diyakinkan bahwa ia bukanlah tandingan Sang Buddha dan ia juga tahu bahwa ia belum mencapai tingkat Arahat sebagaimana dikiranya semula. Ia juga dapat diyakinkan bahwa pemujaan api tidak dapat membawa orang ke Pembebasan Sempurna. Dengan lima ratus orang pengikutnya, ia kemudian membuang semua peralatan yang dipakainya dalam pemujaan api ke dalam sungai dan mohon ditahbiskan menjadi bhikkhu.

Pada suatu hari, Nadi Kassapa yang bertempat tinggal di sebelah hilir sungai menjadi terkejut melihat banyak peralatan sembahyang terapung di sungai. Ia mengira bahwa suatu bencana hebat telah menimpa diri kakaknya.

Dengan tergesa-gesa, diikuti tiga ratus orang pengikutnya, Nadi Kassapa pergi ke tempat Uruvela Kassapa.

Uruvela_Kassapa_brothers_gayasisa2Setelah tiba, Nadi Kassapa melihat bahwa kakaknya sudah menjadi bhikkhu. Selanjutnya Nadi Kasspa diberi penjelasan tentang sia-sianya memuja api, sehingga akhirnya ia bersama-sama pengikutnya pun menjadi bhikkhu. Hal yang sama juga terjadi pada diri Gaya Kassapa beserta para pengikutnya. Dengan demikian tiga kelompok Jatila yang berjumlah 1.003 orang telah menjadi pengikut Sang Buddha.

Setelah beberapa waktu di Uruvela, Sang Buddha beserta rombongan melanjutkan perjalanan-Nya menuju Gayasisa di tepi Sungai Gaya.

Di tempat itu Sang Buddha mengumpulkan murid-muridNya dan memberikan khotbah yang kemudian dikenal sebagai Adittapariyaya Sutta.

Setelah Sang Buddha selesai memberikan khotbah, batin bhikkhu-bhikkhu tersebut terbebas seluruhnya dari kemelekatan dan bersih dari kekotoran batin. Mereka semua mencapai tingkat yang tertinggi, yaitu menjadi Arahat.

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